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How to Install Your New Lawn
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How to Measure Your Lawn
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Caring for Your Lawn
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  • Measuring
  • Installation
  • Sod Care

Divide your lawn up into the following geometric shapes:

  • square / rectangle
  • circle
  • right triangle

Take the area of each of the above shapes and then add them together for total square feet.

  • Area of a square or rectangle = Length x Width
  • Area of a circle = Diameter of the circle x 3.14
  • Area of a right triangle = ½ Base x Height (use the two sides that meet at the right angle)


How to Begin
Locate a straight line, such as a curb or driveway, or run a taut string up the middle of the area to be sodded. Work along the line to establish the first row.

Installing the Sod
Lay the sod in brickwork fashion, smoothing the soil in advance of sod laying. Make sure the joints are butted together snugly without overlapping. If laying sod on slopes, lay the slabs perpendicular to the direction of the slope. Use sod staples to secure the sod on steep slopes if necessary.

Trimming around flower beds
Use a sharp knife or spade for shaping the non-rectangular edges and small areas such as flower bed, hedges, etc.

Roll the installed sod with a roller one-third filled with water. This will smooth out small bumps and assure good contact with the soil. Avoid a heavy roller that will compact the site.

Sod Care

When to water new turfgrass sod
Sod is a live, perishable product and must be installed and watered immediately upon delivery. The first watering of newly installed sod is the most important. The first watering establishes how well the grass will perform for years to come.

It is essential to begin watering new sod within a half hour after it is installed. Apply at least 1 inch of water so that the soil beneath is very wet. You don’t want standing water, but the ground should be very soft when you walk on it. If you make deep footprints, your sod has enough water.

We recommend that you water as early in the morning as possible when there is less wind and lower temperatures. This also lets the grass blades air dry during the day. If the sod requires it, a second watering can be applied again in the afternoon when the grass blades still have time to air dry. It is not recommended to water overnight, in the high heat and humidity periods of summer, since the grass blades will remain damp, therefore increasing the chances of disease.

For the next 4 days
Check your lawn at least once per day during the week after installation to ensure that there is adequate moisture for the turf to flourish. During hot and/or windy weather, you may need to check for moisture more than once per day. Walk on the new lawn to inspect it. If the soil is soft, and you make deep footprints, or if water has puddled in areas, it is too wet. Unlike the first day of watering, you do not want to make footprints. At this point, you should stop watering for a day or two. Once you begin the watering schedule again, water less often, using less water. However, if you walk across your lawn to inspect it and find that the soil is very firm, lift a comer of the grass in several places. The soil should be damp-- not dripping wet, or dusty dry.

For the rest of the season
During the growing season, most lawns will do very well receiving one inch of water a week, either from rainfall or applied water. The amount may be applied in two settings, approximately 2-3 days apart.  The correct way to water is very simple: thoroughly, but infrequently. The water depth should be applied evenly and should saturate the underlying soil to a depth of 4-6 inches.

Proper watering techniques are a critical aspect of lawn watering. Equal in importance to timing and how much to water. Avoid hand sprinkling because it cannot provide necessary uniformity.

Look at your lawn to determine its water needs. Grass in need of water will have a grey-blue green color. Also, footprints will still appear after a half hour or more on a lawn in need of water. On a well-watered lawn, footprints will completely disappear within a few minutes. Inspecting your lawn frequently will help you detect water requirements and avoid over or under watering.

If you are unable to water during hot, dry periods, established lawns will turn brown and go dormant. At this time, keep heavy traffic off the lawn and keep your mowing height high (or don’t mow at all). When cooler temperatures and rainfall return, the grass will “come back”.

To determine how much water your lawn is receiving, place a couple flat bottomed pans on your lawn. Check the pans occasionally to see how much water is actually getting on the grass, and also to see how much water is lost due to wind and evaporation.

Mow your new sod 1 week after installation. When possible, use a walk behind power mower, preferably of reel type, with the cutting height set at 2-3 inches. Initially, do not use a riding mower, as it is too heavy and its powered wheels will tear up the new sod. After the sod has been established, regular mowing can commence. For best results, never cut more than 1/3 of the grass blade per cutting. Cut to 1 1/2-2 inches in height and maintain sharp mowing blades. Cutting frequency may have to be increased during the faster growing seasons of spring and fall. Grass clippings may be left on the lawn to return nutrients to the root zone.

Avoid heavy traffic should for two weeks following installation. For athletic fields, it is wise to allow at least a month before using the new field.

To insure that your turf remains healthy, feed your lawn 3-4 times during the growing season. A good guideline is to fertilize with the same or similar fertilizers as noted on the holiday schedule of Memorial Day (20-3-14), Labor Day (25-3-15) and Halloween (30-3-10). A slow release or controlled release form of Nitrogen should be used whenever possible, but especially on the spring and fall applications. A fourth application on April Fool's Day may be added if a late fall fertilization was not made. Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations.

Apply lawn food on dry grass only and always water it in after every feeding. In addition to fertilizer, limestone should be used every other year after the sod is installed. Test the soil to determine the proper amount of limestone needed. However, as a general rule, apply 50 pounds of limestone per 1,000 sq. ft.. This is best applied in late fall.

Weed control 
There are two types of weeds: broadleaf and crabgrass. For broadleaf weeds like dandelion, visit a garden center to discuss the many ways of applying broadleaf herbicides. Crabgrass herbicides are not needed if your sod is thick, and you have not had a problem in the past.

© Bohm's Sod Farm
Toll Free: 800-624-1947
Phone: 609-861-2422



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